The Roman Empire.   Posted by Emperor.Group: 0
 GM, 15 posts
Fri 26 Jul 2019
at 20:51
The Roman Empire
As for the Weapons.

Rome had only a limited array of arms and armor, below they are described with the 5e equivalent:
Gladius: (Shortsword). It the standard weapon of Roman legionaries and gladiators, and is of Spanish design.
Spatha: (Longsword). It was used by auxiliary cavalry, gladiators, and the legions of the late Empire (legions still do not use this weapon).
Hasta: (Spear) Used by third-rank legionaries in the early Republic, and by cavalry and hunters.
Pilum: (Javelin) The basic missile weapon of the legionary. It is a heavy javelin with a barbed iron head. The last segment of the pilumís shaft up to the tip is constructed of soft metal rather than wood. Upon impact, the metal shaft bent. If the pilum stuck in a shield, this made it hard to pull out, and the pilumís weight would prevent the shield being used. If it missed, the bent shaft still disabled the pilum, preventing the enemy throwing the legionís own volley back at them. After the battle, the pilum shafts could be easily repaired by the legionís armorers. If a pilum misses a shielded target by 1 or 2 on a d20, it has stuck in the shield. The shield is useless (no longer providing any Armor Class bonus) until the pilum is removed. Trying to remove a pilum from a shield takes one action and requires a successful Strength check, with a DC 12.
Fuxina: (Trident) It was used by the retiarius class of gladiator and by fishermen.
Iaculum: (Net) Used by retiarius gladiators.
Cestus: (Gauntlet 1d4 Bludgeoning, Piercing or Slashing damage, it depends on the form it was built). A spiked, sharp-edged fighting glove. Gladiators sometimes wore one on either hand and engaged in a lethal version of boxing. Using a cestus does not require a weapon proficiency.
Other Melee Weapons: Clubs, daggers, knives, handaxes, were easily available.
Javelins were often wielded by Roman auxiliary cavalry and lightly equipped foot. Most soldiers and many civilians carried daggers. Clubs were favored for street fights. Spears, knives, javelins, and axes were also available as tools and hunting weapons.
Bows and Slings: The Romans were not skilled archers, but the legions employed foreign auxiliaries skilled in the use of shortbows, composite shortbows, or slings.
 GM, 16 posts
Fri 26 Jul 2019
at 23:02
The Roman Empire
As for the armors.

Bronze Breastplate: A partial suit of bronze plate worn by Roman soldiers until about 300 B.C. From then on, only military tribunes and higher ranks used it. The breastplate is often ornamented. It provides AC 14. It costs 1,600 denarii and weighs 33.75 lbs.
Lorica Hamata: This suit of partial chain mail was the standard for members of a legionary army from the Punic Wars to the mid lst-century A.D. It consists of a chain mail shirt and a studded leather skirt. It gives the wearer AC 13. It costs 256 denarii and weighs 26 lbs.
Thracian Armor: This was used by gladiators. It consists of leather bands on the legs. It is AC 11, costs 64 denarii and weighs 5 lbs.
Gallic Armor: This was also used by gladiators. It is a protective metal belt, a gladiator helmet, a leather sleeve on one arm, and leather bands on the legs. It is AC 13, costs 172 denarii and weighs 20 lbs.
Samnite Armor: This was used by gladiators. It is a bronze cuirass, leather bands on the legs, a leather sleeve on one arm, and the visored gladiator helmet. It provides AC 15. It costs 432 denarii and weighs 30 lbs.
Clipei or Parma Shields: These are small round shields. The clipei were carried by Roman cavalry and legionaries before circa 100 B.C. The parma were used by light infantry and some gladiators. (Shields are AC +2 as normal).
Scutum Shields: Used by legionaries after circa 100 B.C. During the Republic they were oval in pattern, but sometime in the first century A.D. they evolved into a curved rectangular shape. A scutum was built up from several layers of leather and wood, and decorated with the legionís insignia. (Shields are AC +2 as normal).
To determine the type of armor provided by your starting equipment, look at the AC bonus of the armor your class provide and you can choose one Roman armor of the same AC.
The highest AC an armor could be built with using the Roman smithing technology was AC 15.

This message was last edited by the GM at 23:03, Fri 26 July 2019.

 GM, 18 posts
Sun 28 Jul 2019
at 03:57
The Roman Empire
Appendix about roman armors.

*All roman armors are considered medium except for the Thracian Armor which is considered light.
*Light roman armor allow full DEX modifier as bonus AC, medium roman armors allow DEX modifier as bonus AC up to +2.
*No armor imposes Stealth disadvantage except for Samnite Armor.
*Roman empire did not have the technology to create armors over 15 AC but you can add a shield which adds +2 bonus for a maximum total of 17 AC which is a great Armor Class considering your toughest enemies perhaps will be bears, tigers or lions and not all the enemy nations had advanced war technology as Roman had.
 GM, 25 posts
Fri 2 Aug 2019
at 00:04
The Roman Empire
The Roman Currency.

As players and DM alike have a D&D mindset when it comes to medieval fantasy RPGs, I will try to keep things as simple as possible to avoid confusion and unnecessary extra work in conversions:

The most used type of coin in Rome was the Denarius which was the average payment to a laborer for one day of work. According to the Glory of Rome sourcebook the Denarius has an equivalent to 16 copper pieces which is one and half silver coins (almost near to one day payment of an untrained hireling: 2 sp per day) taking this into consideration, I will round the Denarius in 20 cp to coincide with the Denarius equivalent to one day of work. The next type of coin in the hierarchy is the Aereus whose value is 4 gp according to the Glory of Rome sourcebook and the lower type of coins are Sestertius (4 cp) and As (1 cp).

I will eliminate Sestertius and setting the currency system in Aerus (4 gp), Denarius (2 sp) and As (2 cp). The Denarius will be the most used type of currency and we will use the Aerus only as a way to work with larger amounts of money and the As for small transactions (where some type of fractional currency is required).

1 Aerus = 20 Denarius
1 Denarius = 20 As

This message was last edited by the GM at 18:35, Sun 04 Aug 2019.

 GM, 29 posts
Sun 4 Aug 2019
at 19:21
The Roman Empire
Army Life

Like all professional soldiers, legionaries spent most of their time in camp, interrupted by occasional bouts of campaigning. Rations were bread, porridge, and
posca (a vinegary wine), supplemented by foraging.

Garrison Duty: Life consisted of duties, such as cooking, foraging, cleaning weapons, training, and regular day-long marches. Some enterprising officers devoted their spare time to hunting down bandits, escaped slaves, rebel bands, or criminals this kept the civilians in line and the troops out of trouble.
Republican legions were quartered in local forts, towns or, camps, but there were no official army bases.

Campaigns: During a war or a revolt, life was less comfortable. A campaign consisted of gruelling marches to outmaneuver the enemy, sleepless nights spent on watch against surprise attack, and the occasional battle or siege. Sometimes individual cohorts, centuries, or even squads would be detached for dangerous patrols to pinpoint the enemy, protect a supply caravan, carry an urgent message, or track down and eliminate guerilla bands. More often soldiers did hard labor-building the famous Roman roads to facilitate the easy movement of troops and setting up fortified camps (castra) after a dayís march.

Castra: A legionary camp was square or rectangular. Its plan was always the same. It was surrounded by a high earth rampart and a deep ditch, centered on the praetorium (generalís tent) and the via principulis (main street) that ran past it. Next to the praetorium was the tribunal, a raised turf bank in which the general addressed his troops or administered justice. The praetorium was flanked by the tents of the generalís bodyguard and the military tribunes, and by the headquarters of the paymasters and artillery.
Legionaries were encamped by century in orderly groups of ten-man tents that ran along smaller streets at right angles to the via principalis. Guards were on duty night and day.

Battles: Most legionaries could expect to see combat sometime in their career-many times if they served under an aggressive leader. The officers told the troops the battle plan, SO that they would be confident and know what to do.
The legion normally fought in successive lines, with light troops in front and cavalry on the flank and rear. Melee was always preceded by a shower of pila.
Roman tactics were sophisticated and included the use of reverse forces and flanking or enveloping maneuvers. The soldiers were trained to respond quickly to horn and trumpet signals and to adopt special formations, such as the wedge (for assaults) and the tortoise (linking shields together to provide full overhead cover against missile fire). Because of its superior training and organization, a Roman force
could often defeat ten times as many barbarians.

Sieges: All soldiers carried tools and were trained in the rapid construction of both defensive and offensive siege works, including ramparts, mines, siege
towers, and engines, such as rams, catapults, and ballistae. Even so, a siege was very dangerous; being first up the ladder was an honor most soldiers tried to avoid! A successful assault on a town or fortress that failed to surrender usually ended in looting and the massacre of its inhabitants, with the few survivors sold into slavery

Discipline: Discipline was harshly enforced by the officers. A man who failed to perform his duties, caused trouble, or failed to show respect to officers would be beaten. Death befell anyone caught falling asleep on watch or deserting. A
century or cohort that mutinied (not uncommon) or ran away (much rarer) might be decimated: a random ten percent of the men were executed.

Demobilization: After serving his time, a soldier could expect to spend another five years as a Ēveteran" (similar to todayís army reserve), whereupon
he would be awarded a small plot of land. This was often in a new Roman colony planted on a troubled frontier province with rebellious natives perhaps even in an area he had just helped conquer. A typical grant was mediocre farmland worth ld4 year's pay-and the soldier might have to take up arms to defend it against rebels or border raiders. In Republican times the grant had to be approved by the senate. As senators didn't like to give away public land, this often led to tension between the provincial governors, who commanded disgruntled armies cheated of their due, and their rivals in the senate. During Imperial times, getting a land grant was much more likely, although not absolutely certain.